rajrakesh12 at October 21st, 2016 09:04 — #1
- Government set up 7th CPC on 28 Feb 14 under Chairmanship of Justice Ashok Kumar Mathur, which submitted its report on 19 Nov 15. Among other things, the Commission examined, reviewed, evolved and recommended changes related to structure of emoluments, allowances and conditions of service of Armed Forces personnel.
- While the Government was deliberating its implementation, the three Service Chiefs under the Chairmanship of Air Marshal Arup Raha first wrote to the Defense Minister and then the Prime Minister expressing Military’s disappointment and angst with the recommendations of 7th CPC. They requested them not to implement the recommendations for the Armed Forces until such time the anomalies raised by them are rectified. However, after the Defense Minister’s assurance and consequent ‘directions’ the three Service Chiefs accepted its implementation. Meanwhile, on 16 Aug the Government appointed twin-level Anomaly Committees, National and Departmental, wherein the National Anomalies Committee is a 22-member body headed by the Secretary, Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT).
- Thereafter, on 05 Sep 16, Government issued its first resolution for publication of a gazette notification to implement the Commission’s recommendations from 01 Jan 16 for serving Armed Forces personnel. As per this, separate Pay Matrices for Armed Forces personnel and Military Nursing Service (MNS) officers will replace the existing Pay Band and the Grade Pay. Fixation of pay in the new Pay Matrix will be done by multiplying basic pay (Pay in pay band plus Grade Pay) as on 31 Dec 15 by a factor of 2.57 and “the figure so arrived at is to be located in the level corresponding to his grade pay in the new pay matrix. If a cell identical with the figure so arrived at is available in the appropriate level, that cell shall be the revised pay; otherwise, the next higher cell in that level shall be the revised pay. After fixation of pay, the subsequent increments shall be at the immediate next cell in that level.” Annual increment on one of the two dates, viz. 01 Jan or 01 Jul will depend on the date of appointment or promotion. Military Service Pay (MSP), for DA and pension purposes only, for officers raised from Rs 6,000 to Rs 15,500, for MNS Officers from Rs 4,200 to Rs 10,800 and PBOR from Rs 2,000 to Rs 5,200. Further, to look into the recommendations on allowances, Government appointed a committee under the Chairmanship of Finance Secretary (Expenditure), Mr Ashok Lavasa, and asked him to submit report within four months. Hypothetical exemplification follows to put these recommendations into correct perspective:
Example I: In case of a Colonel in the existing pay band PB-4 (37,400 – 67,000) and drawing basic pay of 55,640 and grade pay of 8,700, the pay after multiplication by a fitment factor of 2.57 will be 1,65,353. Therefore, his matrix pay fixation on 01 Jan 16 will be 1,68,900 and on 01 Jul 16 it will be 1,74,000. In addition, his MSP will be 15,500.
- Example II: In case of a Sepoy in the existing pay band PB-1 (15,200 – 20,200) and drawing basic pay of 9,500 and grade pay of 2,000, the pay after multiplication by a fitment factor of 2.57 will be 29,555. Therefore, his matrix pay fixation on 01 Jan 16 will be 30,200 and on 01 Jul 16 it will be 31,100. In addition, his MSP will be 5,200.
- On 30 Sep, Government issued its second resolution for publication of a gazette notification to implement the Commission’s recommendations from 01 Jan 16 for ex-servicemen. As per this, all personnel who retired prior to 01 Jan 2016 will be entitled to immediately draw revised pension by multiplying the pension drawn on 31 Dec 15 with fitment factor of 2.57. The other option of fixing the pension by conversion to pay matrix was referred to a committee and will be applicable, if found feasible. Status quo in various pension categories, viz. existing rate of pension (50% of last pay drawn) for PBOR, enhanced ordinary family pension and special family pension, additional pension and additional family pension to older pensioners and war injury pension if an individual’s services are retained. Discontinuation of regime implemented post 6th CPC for disability pension and return to the slab based system. Broad banding disabilities cover for all personnel retiring with disability, including premature cases for disability greater than 20 percent. Increase in ex gratia lump sum compensation for 100 percent disability from Rs 9 to 20 lac. Increase in ex gratia disability (for 100 percent disability) award for cadets from existing Rs 6,300/- PM to Rs 16,200/- PM.
- Some core anomalies raised by the Armed Forces are along these lines. First is regarding the disparity in pay matrices of defense in comparison to civilian personnel. While the pay matrix of defense personnel has 24 index levels, the matrix of civilian employees has 40 index levels. This implies that defense personnel will stagnate after 31 years of service. Resultantly, defense personnel will end up getting lesser pension vis-à-vis civilians. Pertaining to this is also the fact that in each rank, defense officers have ended up being lower in pay scales vis-à-vis their civilian counterparts. Second is the issue of Non-Functional Financial Up gradation (NFFU) System. Oddly, the previous pay commission denied NFFU to the Armed Forces while granting it to other civil services, which linked their pay increments to years of service irrespective of his performance and rank/appointment. This creates functional problems in the civil-defense establishments where a civilian employee, although subordinate to a defense employee, ends up getting more pay due to grant of NFFU to him and denial of the same to his superior defense officer. This also leads to widening the gap between them. Third is the demand that MSP of PBOR should be Rs 10,000 instead of Rs 5,200. Fourth, the new slab based formula for non-operational disability pension lowers the pension of defense personnel vis-à-vis their civilian counterparts who continue to be on the erstwhile percentage based formula and for same place and reason get higher disability pension. However, there is no change for War Injury Element for defense personnel or civilians. Presently, defense personnel with 100 percent disability are entitled to disability pension equal to 30 percent of last basic pay drawn and an additional 50 percent as service component. As per new norms, immaterial of the rank, an officer will get disability pension of Rs 27,000/- PM, Junior Commissioned Officer Rs 17,000/- PM and Other Ranks Rs 12,000/- PM for 100 percent disability and an additional 50 percent of last basic pay drawn as service component.
- In a positive turn of events, recently few developments have taken place in which the Defense Minister raised the issue of anomalies with the Prime Minister. Another significant development is the directions of Punjab and Haryana High Court, on a petition filed by serving army officer Colonel Preetpal Singh Grewal, to the Government to include representatives from the Armed Forces in the panel set up to examine their grievances. In the interim, the Government has also sanctioned payment of arrears on an ad-hoc basis @ 10 percent of existing basic pay plus DA @ 125 percent to all defense personnel who were in service as on 01 Jan 16 and continue to be in service thereafter.
- Understandably, the Armed Forces are representing more to regain their societal status than mere monetary benefits. Officer level intake in the Armed Forces has reduced considerably leading to an overall shortage of 18 percent. Gone are the days when youngsters joined the Armed Forces due to passion and family traditions. The growing consumerism and materialism in the society sways the younger generation towards corporate sector with better pay packages or entrepreneurial ventures with rewarding cash flows. Unmistakably, the explicit pertinence of a corporate cliché, ‘if you throw peanuts, you will only get monkeys’. Moreover, the Armed Forces’ unease due to non-resolution of their 20 plus anomalies of 6th CPC is explicable. Holistically viewing this with the systemic societal down gradation of the Armed Forces done by successive pay commissions connotes trouble due to lowered morale and poor intake (both qualitatively and quantitatively), ipso facto leading to compromise of national security.
- What is the way forward? The existing military-bureaucratic wrangle is not good for our Nation. Fact of the matter is that knowledge of policy and procedures for governance is a bureaucratic forte, which leads to politician’s dependence on them. The Armed Forces can cry hoarse but will not get much unless they find a way around this squabble. I am not suggesting a separate pay commission for the Armed Forces since it has its own problems. However, in the National security interest an attitudinal change on both sides will go a long way. The Armed Forces must shed the confrontationist attitude and stop hankering for parity with IAS and IPS because of their innately different service conditions and societal role. Similarly, the bureaucracy must take a cue from PM Modi’s statement at Bhopal during the inauguration of ‘Shaurya Smarak’, “Sena bolti nahin, sena parakram karti hai.” They must heed Kautilya’s blunt forewarning to his king, “The day the soldier has to demand his dues will be a sad day for Magadha for then, on that day, you will have lost all moral sanction to be King” to develop an empathetic and accommodating attitude towards the Armed Forces, the Nation’s last bastion.
psbisht at November 7th, 2016 01:50 — #2
Please tell me what is latest position of 7th Pay Commission for all PBOR of Armed forces . I served 17 years in the Army (Corps of Signals) and retired on 28 Mar 2003.
Thanks & Regards
Ex-Nk Pan Singh (corps of Signals)
rajrakesh12 at November 7th, 2016 10:43 — #3
Dear Nk Pan Singh,
The latest on 7th CPC is as follows:
- Serving soldiers received their 10% arrears before Diwali.
- Govt orders & PCDA (P) circular for disbursement of pension issued to all banks & PDAs. Please contact your bank to complete formalities of life certificate etc.
- Recommendations submitted by 'Committee on Allowances' likely to get Cabinet nod soon.
Hope this satisfies your query?