We all have been in situations when we have to do up our homes – more so in the services where we change homes virtually every two years or so. Designing interiors is more than just making it look good. It should be functional, feel good, use space optimally and more than anything else it must reflect you. It is not really too difficult if you just keep the fundamentals of interior design in mind. Let me take you through some of them
A Central Theme – When doing up the interiors have a common style and theme running through the house and think of the space in totality. The design elements in the space should match and complement each other through matching colours, patterns and shapes.
Create a Balance – Have an equal distribution of visual weight across the room. Balance can be symmetrical – with the same objects, patterns and designs repeated in different forms. Or it could be asymmetrical using dissimilar objects, designs and patterns that complement each other through contrast. This gives a more casual and lively feel.
Focal Points – Have one or more focal points in a room. The point must be dominant enough to attract attention but still integral to the overall design. Use a fireplace, or highlight a piece of furniture, or paint a contrasting colour in one area. But, remember, the focal point should not be so overpowering to take away attention from the rest of the room.
A Sense of Rhythm – Have a sense of rhythm in design by using visual movements. This can be achieved by having a sense of repetition (of patterns, textures, line or colour), progression (by increasing or decreasing the qualities of elements in the room) , using shades of colour, transitioning and contrast.
Scale and Proportion – Have a sense of scale and proportion of the objects in the room. Keep in mind the size and shapes of the objects in the room and ensure their proportion with each other, the immediate surroundings and also the overall room.
Colour and Lighting – More than any other element, the colours and lighting of your interiors helps enhance its look and feel. Choose the colours well. Try and have a standard colour pattern in a room (in varying shades maybe) and use appropriate colours for different rooms – a child’s room may be in bright , vibrant colours, a bedroom in pastel shades, the study in earthy tones and the living room in warm colours. The furniture and décor too must complement the overall colour scheme. Don’t neglect the ceiling. White is often used as a safe bet, but doing up the ceiling in different shades or even in patterns will make it come alive. Lighting will heighten the appeal of your interiors. Use lights subtly for highlights, hints and shadows within the room. Warm diffused lighting always goes well, while fluorescent lights often produce harsh shadows. Lights and colours go hand in hand to provide a completely new outlook to your room.
And above all there is one thing you must keep in mind. When designing your home go by your own instincts and tastes. Only then will your home truly reflect You.
**Ritu Kaul Raina**
Ritu Kaul Raina is the founder and Chief Designer of the Interior design firm ‘Walnut Interiors’. She can be reached at Walnutinteriors@gmail.com